22-11-2021DUBAI (Reuters): Global supply chain constraints will continue to hit freight movers until at least the end of next year and could stretch beyond 2022 as logistics companies struggle with labour shortages amid booming demand, Emirates’ cargo boss said. A shortage of freight space and manpower as a result of the pandemic compounded by a rapid recovery in demand has jammed seaports and airports and led transport costs to skyrocket. “It’s not something that will disappear overnight,” Emirates SkyCargo Divisional Senior Vice President Nabil Sultan told Reuters at the Dubai air show. “I believe honestly it’s going to be at least another year or two if not more ... I think it is going to go beyond 2022,” he said. “There are huge logistical challenges that are out there.” A vast amount of air freight globally is typically moved around by passenger jets, many of which airlines continue to keep grounded as travel demand gradually returns. At Emirates, the passenger jet fleet accounts for about 70% of its total cargo capacity, according to Sultan. The Dubai state-owned carrier would likely more than double its freighter fleet from 10 to over 20 aircraft by 2030, he said, and is evaluating the new Airbus A350 and Boeing 777X freighters. Sultan said demand for air freight was expected to remain high over the coming years, in part driven by a rise in online shopping, though was concerned a new wave of COVID-19 infections in Europe could add further disruptions if governments enforced lockdowns. Abu Dhabi’s Etihad Airways expects air freight rates to start to come down in the first quarter as more passenger jets return, Senior Vice President Sales and Cargo Martin Drew told Reuters at the show. But with many airlines having downsized and some collapsing during the pandemic, Drew said rates were unlikely to fall to 2019 levels at least for another three to four years. The state-owned airline has also used passenger jets for cargo-only flights, and is evaluating converting 777-300 passenger jets, as well as the A350 and 777X freighters. “We would want to get our hands on more freighter lifters as quickly as we can,” Drew said.